The Kitchn: How to roast the perfect chicken

The Kitchn: How to roast the perfect chicken

The Kitchn

Never underestimate the power of a roast chicken. It's an infallible Sunday dinner, and the leftovers (if you're so lucky) can be used for sandwiches, salads and quick meals all week long.

Roasting a chicken doesn't have to be a special weekend affair, either. A small bird really only takes about an hour to cook, so you can easily make it on a weeknight. Put it in the oven when you get home from work and let it cook while you wind down from the day. It's that simple -- and here's how.

You can use a roasting pan for chicken if you have one, but don't feel like you need to go out and buy one. Most of the time, I just use my trusty cast iron skillet. You can also use a stainless steel skillet, a large casserole dish or even a pie plate. Anything oven-safe that will comfortably hold the chicken will work!


Photo: McCormick

You can also cook the chicken by itself right in the pan without a rack or anything else. Lifting the bird will improve the air circulation around it and help it cook more evenly, but I find that this matters more for a giant Thanksgiving turkey than it does for a little weeknight roast chicken. This said, I do like to occasionally go for a 2-in-1 meal and roast the chicken on top of a bed of chopped potatoes, onions and carrots; the vegetables roast in the juices from the chicken and I get an easy side dish to serve with the chicken!

As far as actually roasting the chicken goes, it's all pretty hands off. Rub it with a little oil and sprinkle it with salt and pepper, and then pop it in the oven for an hour. Go about your business -- finish the rest of your dinner, fold some laundry, pour a drink. The chicken is done when it smells so good you can't wait a moment longer.

Pretty easy, right? This is why roast chicken is one of my standby meals for small dinner parties and casual weeknight meals alike -- foolproof and irresistible.


Photo: McCormick

Roasted Chicken

Makes 4 to 6 servings, depending on the size of the chicken.

1 (3- to 4-pound) chicken

Olive oil or softened butter

1 tablespoon salt


Lemon, optional

Fresh herbs, optional

Garlic cloves, optional


Roasting pan, 10- to 12-inch oven-proof skillet, casserole dish, pie dish or other oven-proof dish

Preheat the oven to 450 F. Place the rack in the lower-middle of the oven. Prepare a work station with your chicken, the salt and pepper, and lemon wedges nearby.

Reach inside the cavity of the chicken and remove the bag of giblets (if you can't find them, check in the neck cavity). The giblets can be discarded, saved for stock, or used to make gravy later on.

Pat the chicken dry with paper towels or a kitchen rag. Make sure to absorb any liquid behind the wings or legs. Blot inside the body cavity too, getting the chicken as dry as you can, inside and out.

Rub oil or softened butter all over the chicken, paying special attention to the breast and the drumsticks. Be generous here! The oil will help the skin crisp and become golden.

Sprinkle the chicken all over with salt and pepper. Again, be generous here!

If desired, stuff the inside of the chicken with halved lemons, whole cloves of garlic or herbs. This adds subtle flavor to the chicken (and the roasted garlic can be spread on bread!)

You can roast the chicken by itself in a pan, or lift it off the pan using a roasting rack or roughly chopped vegetables (see recipe note).

Put the chicken in the oven and immediately lower the oven temperature to 400 F. Set a timer for 50 minutes and let the chicken roast undisturbed.

The chicken is done when it registers 165 F in the thickest part of the thigh, when the wings and legs wiggle loosely, and when the juices run clear. Continue roasting the chicken and checking it every 10 minutes until it is done. Total roasting time will be between 50 minutes and 1 1/2 hours -- exact cooking time will depend on the size and type of your chicken.

Once it has finished cooking, transfer the chicken to a cutting board and let it rest for about 15 minutes. During this time, you can prepare a salad or side dish or whisk some flour into the pan juices to make gravy.

Carve the chicken into breasts, thighs and drumsticks, and serve. Pick any remaining meat off the bones and save it for other meals. Leftovers will keep for about 5 days in the fridge or can be frozen for up to 3 months.

Recipe Notes:

You can change the flavor of the chicken by adding a spice rub along with the salt and pepper. I like Chinese 5-spice blend, za'atar spices and ras el hanout.

You can also make a 2-in-1 meal by roasting the chicken on top of a bed of potatoes, onions, carrots or other vegetables.

(Emma Christensen is recipe editor at, a nationally known blog for people who love food and home cooking. Submit any comments or questions to


This article is written by Emma Christensen from The Kitchn and was legally licensed via the Tribune Content Agency through the NewsCred publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to

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